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There’s no reason why you couldn’t go shoot a .45-70 just for fun (and LOTS of people do), but it’s just more expensive and a little harder on the shoulder. Make sure you follow The Big Game Hunting Blog on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube. The .45/70 won't quit. Big big hole and lots of penetration. Copyright © 2020 Big Game Hunting Adventures LLC | All Rights Reserved. These rifles are often easy to carry, whether on foot or on horseback, and are quick to mount and fire. The .45-70 is commonly thought of as a long-range round. With more than 1600 foot pounds of muzzle energy, this cartridge was one of the most powerful loads available at the time and was effectively used by the Army through the Indian Wars in the late 1800s. For anything further out I Bring the .300 win mag or .375 h&h. Typical 45-70 ballistics with modern factory ammo are a 300gr bullet at 2,350fps (3,678 ft-lbs), a 325gr bullet at 2,050fps (3,032 ft-lbs), and a 405gr bullet at 1,330fps (1,591 ft-lbs). Using modern, smokeless powder, most of the ammunition manufacturers currently produce a wide variety of loads of varying power for the .45-70. For instance, Hornady makes ammunition for both cartridges as part of their LEVERevolution line: a .30-30 load firing a 160gr FTX bullet at 2,400 feet per second (2,046 ft-lbs) and a .45-70 load firing a 325gr FTX bullet at 2,050 feet per second (3,032 ft-lbs). Are you still faced with the same challenges of penetration on big game such as Cape buffalo or elephants with this weapon? For hunting deer, black bear, and feral hogs, for example, either one will deliver the performance you need. Big boar hog harvested with Ruger 45/70. This load I am confident will take anything on this planet. I use “Cowboy” rounds mostly, but somehow got a box of modern smokeless ammo from Aguila. The newer sabot slugs with the rifled choke tubes make the 12ga nearly as accurate out to 100 yds as most shooters are capable of shooting (off the bench the .30-30 or .45-70 rifle will probably produce slightly tighter groups, but with off-hand shots you're unlikely to notice the difference.) Out of all the cartridges that have survived, to say it is the .45-70 is surprising to many folks. Generally speaking, most straight wall cartridges do not carry the same downrange energy or pose the same long-distance threat that necked cartridges carry. It has 1,643 ft-lbs of kinetic energy remaining at 100 yards, 1,304 ft-lbs of energy at 200 yards, and 1,025 ft-lbs of energy left at 300 yards. However, there used to be a Hi-Speed hunting load for use in rifles. While they’re both very common and widely used, the .30-30 Winchester is also a more popular cartridge, so ammunition is more common and often quite a bit cheaper than .45-70 ammo. Almost anybody who has done much range work with shotgun slugs knows that they are plagued with fliers. In addition to the many variations of the Trapdoor Springfield the Army used, several early Gatling Gun models fired the .45-70 Government cartridge. .44 mag vs 45-70 I was reading some posts (on another forum) where members were discussing whether a .44 mag carbine (1894 Marlin) or 45-70 (GG) would be a better choice for defense against bears (and other predators) on a ranch in Montana. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. Muzzle Velocity 2275 Feet Per Second .45-70 vs .450 Bushmaster — Cartridge Clash ... but the recent uptick in the number of states allowing straight wall rounds for deer has prompted bolt-action rifle makers like Mossberg, Savage, Ruger and others to offer affordable turnbolt rifles chambered in .450 Bushmaster. Jerry Burden. Few cartridges have been able to survive for 150 years. With a 200 yard zero, that .30-30 load will hit 3” high at 100 yards and about 12” low at 300 yards. For the thin-skinned animals like deer, you should use the .45-70 Government, as the low velocity of this bullet will not ruin or blood-shot meat. The '06 is a good everything gun. As states that have traditionally been shotgun-only for deer hunting are beginning to open their seasons to the use of straight wall cartridges, the .45-70 is seeing a resurgence in popularity and use, and understandably so. The .45-70 was developed for the army to be used in … I have nine deer down to my Marlin .45-70, all with 300 grain factory hollow points. For a more detailed discussion on .45-70 Government hunting ammunition, read this article: Best .45-70 Ammo For Hunting Deer, Bear, Moose, & Other Big Game. At that time, the .45-70 fired a .45-caliber, 405-grain projectile over 70 grains of black powder for a muzzle velocity of roughly 1,200 feet per second. that being said, any deer i've shot with a shotgun slug dropped right on the spot. The .45-70 always created a large wound and always provided deep penetration. While a 525-535gr bullet at 1,500-1,600 feet per second is indeed a potent load, in my experience, that’s not enough velocity for adequate and consistent penetration on buffalo or other thick skinned dangerous game. Today, only very low pressure revolver ammo is factory loaded, in deference to tort lawyers and the many antique .44-40 guns out there. The second largest antelope. On a deer sized critter, the shotgun slug and the 45/70 bullet are both much more than needed for a swift kill so as AGL says, dead is dead. So, what ammo you should use depends on the rifle you intend to shoot it in. The ballistics shown above are for black powder 45-70 not the Standard and there is also 45-70 Strong Ballistics which make 308 seem significantly weaker by comparison. 405 grain hand loaded to 2100 FPS. I have a TC Pro hunter that I handload 45-70 using the Nosler Silvertip 300 grain in front of 50 grains of RL 7. Both 30-30 and 45-70 offer a practical purpose as well. This ammo is loaded with bullets that have a pointed, flexible, polymer tip. Due to excellent the reputation it earned while in use with the Army, the .45-70 Govt also quickly became popular among sportsmen in the United States. Depending on the 45/70 load, it has somewhat more velocity than most shotgun slugs. Weight Diameter SD 400 0.458 0.272 45/70 440 0.729 0.118 12 ga 1 oz slug rc rcmodel, Oct 20, 2010 #11. natman Member. Commercial publications and catalogs also soon began referring to the cartridge as the “.45-70 Government” (.45-70 Govt or .45-70 Gov for short). I have a shorter custom Lee Factory Crimp Die and will likely seat the bullets to an overall cartridge length of 2.52". I have a cowboy jm in 45 colt that is also great -- with +p it generates low end 45-70 ballistics and with regular 45 colt ammo it's right pleasant to shoot. Such a amazing round. The .30-30 is probably a better choice for casual shooting or plinking. Another advantage of the .45-70 is that most of the rifles chambered for the cartridge are short barreled lever action rifles like the Marlin Model 1895 and the Henry .45-70. Even when using the relatively simple solid lead bullets available at the time, the .45-70 was an extremely effective on game ranging from whitetail deer and black bear all the way up to the larger, tougher, and sometimes more dangerous species like moose, grizzly bear, and bison. Just like you’d expect with such a popular cartridge, Barnes produces .45-70 ammo featuring their legendary copper X-Bullet. I purchased an 1898 “Rod” Bayonet Springfield Trapdoor in the white a few years ago The bore is perfect. In terms of external ballistics, the .30-30 has a 300-400 fps advantage in muzzle velocity over the .45-70, but the .45-70 uses significantly heavier bullets and has a whopping 50% more muzzle energy than the .30-30! For a more detailed discussion on hunting cape buffalo with the .45-70 Government, read this article: Read This Before Hunting Cape Buffalo With The 45-70 Government. I’m not quite sure what rifle or ammo you’re asking about. For comparison to a popular deer hunting shotgun slug, the Remington High Velocity 3-inch rifled slug carries the following ballistics: Conversely, the .45-70 Gov’t has the following ballistics: When it comes to using a straight-wall cartridge, it is comparable in ballistics to a 12-gauge shotgun slug. For this reason, long range shooters using cartridges like the .45-70, such as buffalo hunters back in the late 1800s, used “tang” or “ladder” iron sights with Vernier scales that allowed for very precise elevation adjustments. A loyal segment of hunters and shooters still use the cartridge, but many others are skeptical of the capabilities of the venerable .45-70, especially when compared to more modern cartridge options. Along with this, few designers had much knowledge of the effectiveness of small bores on large animals. The .45-70 Gov’t. If you have an older rifle such as a vintage Trapdoor Springfield or a Winchester Model 1886, you should avoid modern ammunition (especially anything labeled “Magnum” or “+P”) and instead stick to low pressure loads that mimic the original performance characteristics of the round. Hunter’s Recommendations The .30-30 is the best deer hunting round to take along with you, an enjoyable shot with less recoil. 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